PhD Requirements

New Degree Requirements

Please note: these are the new PhD degree requirements for students starting from September 2021

More details can be found in the STS Graduate Program Handbook.

Our PhD program is a multi-year program of advanced graduate study whose purpose is the training of students to become highly qualified scholars in Science and Technology Studies (STS). The program culminates in the preparation of a dissertation that makes an original contribution to scholarship in STS.

All PhD applicants are required to identify and contact a Supervisor in the program before applying. Once in the program, PhD students develop a plan of study in which they provide an integrated, coherent rationale for their studies as they relate to their course work, competencies examination, and dissertation. Candidates should discuss their plans with Supervisors and the Graduate Program Director at the beginning of their first term, with the end of the year as the deadline for finalizing the plan. Both the student’s Supervisor and the Graduate Program Director must approve the plan of study.

Supervisors are responsible for ensuring that students develop an integrated, coherent plan of study and complete their degree requirements in timely fashion and for providing them with general academic advice (with regard, for instance, to preparing for their competencies examination; applying for scholarships and teaching fellowships; writing their dissertation; attending and contributing to scholarly conferences; and learning how to prepare scholarly papers for publication in learned journals; and undertaking a job search which may require the preparation of a detailed teaching dossier).

Important Information

  • Program Guidelines and Milestones, including hyperlinks to important documents, can be found here.
  • The PhD Dissertation Proposal Format can be found here.
  • Past Academic Requirements can be found here.

Course Requirements

Students are required to take 15 Credits in courses consistent with their plan of study, as approved by their Supervisor and the Graduate Program Director.

  • Students are required to take:
    → 3-Credit Introduction Science and Technology Studies in the Fall term of their first year, unless they have already taken the Introduction course as an MA student in the York University STS graduate program.
    → One 3-Credit Research Cluster course, running over Fall and Winter terms (see below) (PhD1).
    → One 0-Credit Research Cluster course, running over Fall and Winter terms (see below) (PhD2).
    → 0-Credit Colloquium course, running over Fall and Winter terms (PhD1 & PhD2).
    → At least one 3-Credit STS elective course.
  • Students have the option to take:
    → One other 3-Credit Research Cluster course, running over Fall and Winter terms.
    → One 3-Credit Directed Reading course.
    → One 3-Credit course offered by another graduate program relevant to their studies and in consultation with the Graduate Program Director.

Competencies Examination

Students are required to complete a competencies exam by the end of their second year (Term 6).  The examination is based on three reading lists, and has both an oral and written component. The first list tests a student’s general knowledge of STS as a discipline; the second list tests their specialized knowledge of a specific topic or research area in STS; and the third exam tests their application of STS to a distinct career pathway and can include active research engagement outside the University (e.g. internship, community research, social activism, etc.). Students create the second and third lists themselves, but the first list is set by the program. Students produce a written ‘output’ of 6000 words that deals with all three lists, but mainly focuses on their final list and career pathway; for example, it could be an essay, course outline, policy report, internship report, community research project, documentary film, art installation, etc. Students are then examined in a 3-hour presentation and discussion of their three lists by a Competencies Examination Committee comprising three faculty members, two of whom must be from the STS graduate program.

The objectives of the competencies examination are threefold: first, to prepare and qualify students to teach undergraduate courses in the areas examined; second, to equip students with the initial specialized knowledge they need to undertake research on their doctoral dissertation; and third, to prepare students for different career pathways. Students are expected to demonstrate competency within their designated areas of the examination. This is assessed through an evaluation of a student’s written output and their responses to questions during the examination that address the material on the reading lists. Outcomes of the exam include: Qualified; Qualified with Condition (decided by the committee); and Not Qualified.

In the case of a Not Qualified outcome, students are permitted to re-sit the examination only once, and the re-examination is to take place within six months of the date of the first examination.  A second failure requires withdrawal from the program.  The examination committee will be composed of three faculty members:  the student’s Supervisor, a Graduate Program in STS faculty member appointed by the Graduate Program Director in consultation with the student and the supervisor; and either another STS faculty member or a member of the Faculty of Graduate Studies from another graduate program appointed by the Graduate Program Director in consultation with the student and the supervisor.

Language Requirement

Students working in an area where the language is other than English must demonstrate to the members of their Dissertation Supervisory Committee that they have the ability to read primary sources and secondary literature in that language.

Dissertation

Students must complete a dissertation that makes an original contribution to STS scholarship. The dissertation can take three forms according to Faculty of Graduate Studies regulations:

  • first, a 60,000-100,000 word research monograph;
  • second, three or four refereed and published/forthcoming journal articles and/or book chapters (‘by manuscript’), as well as a 20,000 word Introduction and Conclusion that ties the published work together in a coherent whole; and
  • third, a multi-modal project comprising an alternative output (e.g. documentary film, art installation, organizational project, etc.) and 30,000 word report explaining its relevance to theories, concepts, and research in STS.

You will need to discuss you choice of dissertation with your Supervisor and dissertation committee, who will need to approve your choice.

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Old Degree Requirements

Please note: these are the old PhD degree requirements for students starting in September 2019 or before

The doctoral program offers a comprehensive curriculum covering major scholarly perspectives from within Science and Technology Studies. By allowing students to choose a field in a mainstream discipline, such as history, anthropology or sociology, the program is also structured to ensure that a graduate’s expertise remains recognizable to those outside of STS. The program’s central objective is to prepare students for a career in STS teaching and research at the post-secondary level.

Two years (6 terms) of coursework and comprehensive exams will train students to identify and respond to crucial questions regarding:

  • the diversity of the scientific enterprise
  • its epistemological underpinnings in investigative practices and material cultures
  • its cultural embeddedness, including the ways in which scientific knowledge is gendered, raced, and classed
  • the interactions between concepts of the human, the social, and the natural within the sciences
  • technology as an ethical, political, economic and social force
  • the communication of scientific and technological developments, including its representational and pedagogical aspects
  • science, technology, and cross–cultural exchange

Important Information

  • Program Guidelines and Milestones, including hyperlinks to important documents, can be found here.
  • The PhD Dissertation Proposal Format can be found here.
  • Past Academic Requirements can be found here.

Degree Requirements

In preparing their doctoral dissertation, students will adopt a coherent and rigorous approach to the solution of such questions that will draw upon the quantitative and qualitative methodologies of the social sciences and humanities. Students will have opportunities for both teaching and research assistantships, and will be expected by the time they have completed the degree to have demonstrated autonomy in conducting research through the pursuit of scholarly publications, research grants, and teaching.

The program is aimed at preparing students for careers in STS teaching and research as well as developing the skills and  knowledge needed for other professions, including policy analysis, journalism, management, education, and law.

These objectives will be achieved through a combination of formal course work, comprehensive exams, and a dissertation normally completed in five years (15 terms). See here for information on guidelines and milestones in the program.

Course Requirements:

  • Students will be required to take the equivalent of three full graduate course (18 credits), of which one (6 credits) may be from another program, and of which up to 6 credits may be in directed readings
  • Students will be required to take the 3 credit introduction to STS in the fall term of their first year (within the first 3 terms), unless they have already taken the course as an MA student in the York University STS program

Comprehensive Exams (process flowchart)

Field comprehensives in the Graduate Program in Science and Technology Studies serve two primary and closely related purposes.

  1. They require doctoral students to situate their areas of research within a clearly defined field of scholarly study in Science and Technology Studies.
  2. They require students to demonstrate a sound knowledge of the major scholarly works that define and illuminate their fields of scholarly study.

Both are important in the formation of a scholar in Science and Technology Studies. Undertaking these exams will prepare and qualify students to teach undergraduate courses in the fields examined and will equip students with the specialized knowledge they need to undertake research for their doctoral dissertation. Normally, students should take the exam by the end of October of their third year (7th term) of study. In the case of failure students will be permitted to re-sit the examination only once, and the re-examination is to take place within six months of the date of the first examination. A second failure will require withdrawal from the Program.

The Fields

Students have a choice.

They can select three of the four following fields:

Or they can select two of the four fields above and construct a field themselves, in consultation with the Program Director and their Supervisor. This constructed field should not substantially duplicate any of the four fields.

The Reading Lists

Students should create three reading lists, one for each field. A large number of the works are selected by the student, but in close consultation with their supervisor and the other two members of their examination committee. The reading lists will be composed of two parts:

  1. A list of 15 core works common to all students being examined in that field and compiled by faculty in that field (see below).
  2. A list of 35 works selected by the student in consultation with their supervisor, and guided by the list of 60 recommended works compiled by faculty in that field.

In the case of their constructed field, students should create a reading list composed of 50 works in conjunction with the relevant members of their committee.

The list of works for each field must be submitted six months before the comprehensive exam is to take place.

The Committee

The examination committee will be composed of three faculty: the student’s supervisor; an STS faculty member appointed by the Director in consultation with the student and the supervisor; and either another STS faculty member or a member of the Faculty of Graduate Studies from another program appointed by the Director in consultation with the student and the supervisor. The committee should be formed by May 15th of the first year of study. The role of the committee is crucial. The members of the committee should be an integral part of the process of composing a list of works for examination, and to this end the student should meet with them to discuss their lists. Each committee will determine the aspects of comprehensive examinations not specified in this document.

Demonstrating Comprehensive Knowledge

Candidates will be required to demonstrate comprehensive knowledge of the designated fields on the examination. Evidence of such comprehensive knowledge will be assessed on the basis of the candidate’s competence in providing answers to questions during the examination that address the material in relation to significance critical and theoretical issues. Examiners will want to know that candidates have a firm grasp of each of their fields: what are the key questions raised in this field? what methods of investigation are appropriate in this field? how is this field related to the other fields? who are the influential scholars, both past and present, who helped define these fields?

Comprehensive Examination Format

There will be one exam, three hours in length, covering all three fields. This will allow questions that require students to explore connections between fields, enhancing the interdisciplinary nature of the exam. The exam will be oral, rather than written. Before the exam begins the chair will send the candidate out of the room. The committee will then agree on the length and order of each round of questioning. Usually, the supervisor goes last. It is the chair’s job to ensure that members of the committee stay within the time allotted. The committee will also decide on the structure of the exam. A common model is detailed in the following. Once the committee is ready to proceed with the examination, the candidate will then be invited back into the room. The candidate can then be examined on each field, one by one. In the first round of questioning, each member of the committee has the opportunity to ask the candidate questions about the reading list for the first field within the agreed upon time. After an hour, the questioning begins again, but this time on the second field. The final hour is devoted to questions on the third field. Once the questioning has come to an end, the student is asked to leave the room so that the committee can make their decision. The committee can choose to pass or to fail the candidate. The candidate is then invited back into the room and the committee’s decision is announced. The members of the committee must sign the standard comprehensive exam form that records their decision and allows them to make comments.

Language Requirement

  • Students working in an area where the language is other than English must demonstrate to the members of their dissertation supervisory committee that they have the ability to read primary sources and secondary literature in that language.

Dissertation

The final and most important part of the doctoral process is the research and writing of a dissertation that makes a unique and original contribution to knowledge in the field of STS scholarship.

  • Students need to submit a dissertation proposal three months after completing their comprehensive examination.
  • Students need to establish a Supervisory Committee of three members, at least two of whom will be members of the Graduate Program in Science and Technology Studies. The third member may be appointed in a Graduate Program other than STS.